When swimming backstroke, most swimmers use a six-beat kicking pattern. This pattern means each foot kicks three times per backstroke cycle, for a total of six kicks. This six-beat kick produces the best propulsion. In longer distance swimming, a four-beat kick or a two-beat kick can be used to save energy.
What muscles do you use in backstroke?
Backstroke uses a lot more of your latissimus dorsi, which is the muscle that stretches across your back, in addition to your glutes, quadriceps, and hamstrings. When swimming, you’re actually using almost all of your muscles, but certain ones are used more for certain strokes.
What are the rules for backstroke?
- At the signal for starting and after turning the swimmer shall push off and swim upon his/her back throughout the race except when executing a turn. …
- Some part of the swimmer must break the surface of the water throughout the race. …
- Upon the finish of the race the swimmer must touch the wall while on the back.
Can you dolphin kick in backstroke?
The dolphin kick is essential for many top athletes because it is the fastest part of the race. It may also constitute the majority of the race (i.e., in the 100 yard backstroke the swimmer may kick underwater dolphin for 15 yards per length which equates to as much as 60 yards kicking in a 100 yd race).
What type of kick is used for backstroke?
The backstroke kick is a flutter kick. Its technique is similar to the kick used in the front crawl stroke, the difference being that you are swimming on the back.
What is the most difficult and exhausting swimming stroke?
The most difficult and exhausting stroke is the butterfly; second only to the crawl in speed, it is done in a prone position and employs the dolphin kick with a windmill-like movement of both arms in unison.
Which swimming stroke is best for fitness?
Freestyle is the fastest of all the strokes, so as you might expect it is up in second place for calorie burning potential. Swimming freestyle tones your stomach, buttocks and shoulders. Out of all the four strokes freestyle is said to have the greatest impact on toning back muscles.
Is backstroke faster than freestyle?
The argument here is that a swimmer will have a FASTER average kick speed because the gravitational pull on the setup phase improves the propulsion generated during the down-kick in Backstroke, which generates overall a faster average kick than in Freestyle.
Which stroke is regarded as the most difficult?
To anyone who’s not a professional swimmer, the butterfly is intimidating. It’s easily the hardest stroke to learn, and it requires some serious strength before you can start to match the speeds of the other strokes. It’s also one of the best calorie-burners, with a rate of around 820 calories per hour.
What is the fastest stroke?
The freestyle remains the fastest stroke, according to world records posted on USAswimming.com, followed by butterfly, backstroke and breaststroke, the slowest competitive swimming stroke.
Do and don’ts in swimming?
Do’s and Don’ts of Swimming
- Don’t leave children unattended/unsupervised around any water source. …
- Walk, don’t run on the pool deck. …
- Don’t leave pool unsecure or unlocked when not in use. …
- Don’t forget to stay hydrated. …
- Don’t let the pool get dirty or have unbalanced chemicals. …
- Don’t dive headfirst into a water source.
Is dolphin kick faster than freestyle?
Underwater dolphin kicks are often considered “the fastest way of swimming”. … Many were impressed by Ryan Lochte swimming 50 m under water on 20.8 s at a clinic. It is fantastic but probably not very much faster than Lochte can do in regular freestyle. Swimming without breathing will also accumulate lactic acid.
Can you dolphin kick in freestyle?
Even in races as short as a 50, swimmers will often slow down their turnover without even realizing it. To prevent slowing this turnover and increasing their speed, swimmers have taken to incorporating dolphin-kick freestyle at the end of their race.