You inhale during the first phase of the swimming stroke, as you draw your arms up to your armpits and your legs up to your buttocks. You exhale during the next stages of the stroke cycle, as your arms and legs move outward, backward , and inward back to the starting position.
How do you do backstroke arms?
Backstroke Arm Technique Tips
Your little finger will enter the water first with your palm facing outwards. As your right arm enters the water, your body will rotate towards the entering arm. Your arm will start to bend so that the palm and forearm are facing towards your feet.
What arm action is used in back stroke?
The backstroke, or back crawl, uses alternating and opposite arm movements. As one arm pulls through the water from an overhead position to the hip, the other arm recovers above the water from the hip to the overhead position and vice versa. The legs perform a flutter kick, similar to the one used in the front crawl.
What kick is used for elementary backstroke?
Elementary backstroke is a swim stroke that is swum on the back, using a reversed breaststroke kick and a simple synchronous under water arm stroke.
What is the most difficult and exhausting swimming stroke?
The most difficult and exhausting stroke is the butterfly; second only to the crawl in speed, it is done in a prone position and employs the dolphin kick with a windmill-like movement of both arms in unison.
Which stroke is the fastest and most popular?
Front Crawl (or Freestyle Stroke)
The front crawl is what you see competitive swimmers do the most because it’s the fastest of the strokes. The reason why the front crawl is fast is because one arm is always pulling underwater and able to deliver a powerful propulsion.
What is the elementary backstroke used for?
Sometimes used as a recovery or rescue stroke, the elementary backstroke is often considered one of the most relaxing swimming strokes. The elementary backstroke is not a competitive swim stroke today.
Is elementary backstroke good exercise?
This is a great swimming stroke to use when rescuing another individual because your breathing remains steady and easy. It can also be used as a form of aerobic exercise with emphasis on toning the muscles in the back, shoulders, chest and legs.
Why do we use the elementary backstroke?
The elementary backstroke is a basic swimming technique that is easy to learn and, therefore, useful for improving your water confidence as a beginner. As its name indicates, it is swum on the back and uses a simple arm stroke in conjunction with a breaststroke kick for propulsion.
What is the fastest stroke?
The freestyle remains the fastest stroke, according to world records posted on USAswimming.com, followed by butterfly, backstroke and breaststroke, the slowest competitive swimming stroke.
What is the leg action known as for the breast stroke?
The leg movement, colloquially known as the “frog kick” or “whip kick”, consists of two phases: bringing the feet into position for the thrust phase and the insweep phase. From the initial position with the legs stretched out backward, the feet are moved together towards the posterior, while the knees stay together.
How deep should your hand go under water during the arm pull of backstroke?
Finish the push about 1.2-2ft below the surface of the water • Hand should be palm down at this point • Hands should be at a 40-deg angle in relation to the pull pattern, thus creating more propulsion due to the effect of lift than if they pushed straight backward and obtained propulsion due to the effect of drag (/ 40 …
Where should you keep your hands during the elementary backstroke stroke?
The arm stroke for the elementary backstroke is simple. Start on your back in the glide position. Keep your legs straight with your toes pointed and have your arms at your sides with your hands on your thighs.
What is considered as one of the most relaxing swimming stroke?
3. Breaststroke. Along with backstroke, this is the only other swimming stroke that’s thought of as ‘relaxing’.