Stays are ropes, wires, or rods on sailing vessels that run fore-and-aft along the centerline from the masts to the hull, deck, bowsprit, or to other masts which serve to stabilize the masts. A stay is part of the standing rigging and is used to support the weight of a mast.
What is a stay sail on a sailboat?
A staysail (“stays’l”) is a fore-and-aft rigged sail whose luff can be affixed to a stay running forward (and most often but not always downwards) from a mast to the deck, the bowsprit, or to another mast (the mast is item 13 in the illustration right).
What is the purpose of a stay sail?
The staysail plays three roles: It augments sail power. It helps break down total sail area into smaller working components for ease of handling. The smaller sail units allow for different combinations, giving sailors a variety of options for different conditions.
What is a head stay?
On a sailing vessel, a forestay, sometimes just called a stay, is a piece of standing rigging which keeps a mast from falling backwards. … The other end of the forestay is attached to the bow of the boat. Often a sail is attached to the forestay.
What are some sailing terms?
- Port: Facing forward, this is anything to the left of the boat. …
- Starboard: Facing forward, this is anything to the right of the boat. …
- Bow/Stern: The bow is the front of the boat, the stern is the back. …
- Point of Sail: The boat’s direction relative to the wind. …
- Helm: Where you steer the boat.
What is the difference between a jib and a genoa sail?
Colloquially the term is sometimes used interchangeably with jib. A working jib is no larger than the 100% foretriangle. A genoa is larger, with the leech going past the mast and overlapping the mainsail. … Working jibs are also defined by the same measure, typically 100% or less of the foretriangle.
What’s the difference between a sloop and a ketch?
A ketch is a common rig for cruising sailboats. It has two masts: a traditional mainmast as on a sloop, plus a smaller mast in the rear of the boat. … This means that the mainsail and headsail of a ketch are generally smaller than on a sloop, but the mizzen sail roughly makes up the difference.
What is a Yankee sail?
The Yankee is a high clew Genoa flown off the forward forestay and is a very common sail on offshore yachts. … It also allows ocean waves to wash across the deck of the yacht without causing extra stress and shock loads on the sail.
How do you rig a staysail?
The staysail stay’s attachment point on deck must be reinforced and either tied into the forward bulkhead below or supported by an installed rod or removable wire strap that runs to an attachment point on the hull. The heavy-weather staysail should have no overlap, and the clew should reach right down to the deck.
What is a cutter rig sailboat?
A cutter is a sailing vessel which is distinguished from a sloop by having more than one (usually two) foresails, and the main mast stepped slightly further back.
What is rigging in shipping?
Rigging, the sails, masts, booms, yards, stays, and lines of a sailing vessel, or its cordage only. Standing and running rigging showing mainmast, yards, and junctions with shrouds and ratlines. F.B. Grunzweig/Photo Researchers. Rigging. Sail.
What are shrouds on a sailboat?
On a sailing boat, the shrouds are pieces of standing rigging which hold the mast up from side to side. There is frequently more than one shroud on each side of the boat. … On most sailing boats, such structures are called spreaders, and the shrouds they hold continue down to the deck.
What do you say when tacking sailing?
The helmsman will say ‘ready to tack’ or ‘ready about’. The crew prepare themselves by looking around the boat and responding ‘ready’. Just before tacking the helmsman will say ‘tacking’.
What does tack mean in sailing?
Tacking – The opposite of jibing, this basic sailing maneuver refers to turning the bow of the boat through the wind so that the wind changes from one side of the boat to the other side. The boom of a boat will always shift from one side to the other when performing a tack or a jibe.
What does taking a Reeve mean in sailing?
Reefing is the means of reducing the area of a sail, usually by folding or rolling one edge of the canvas in on itself. The converse operation, removing the reef, is called “shaking it out.” Reefing allows the carrying of partial sail in strong winds, and is the primary safety precaution in rough weather.